Install R and RStudio

A guide on how to install R and RStudio application on Windows, Linux.


Binod Jung Bogati


December 5, 2019

You are here to get step-by-step tutorials to install R.

In this article, you will learn how to install R language and RStudio IDE (on your system: Windows, or Linux OS).

What is R?

R is an open source language which was designed and built for the statistical computing and graphics. It can run on any OS platform and has a very large, vibrant community. R is a popular language for Data Science and Statistics.

It has a large number of packages for statistical modeling, data manipulation, Analysis and making high-quality graphics.

Here, you can get an overview of R Programming Language.

What is RStudio?

RStudio is an integrated development environment (IDE) for R users. It is a great IDE which has features like R console, code editor, tools for plotting, history, debugging and workspace management.

Install R & RStudio in Windows

  • Download R installer from Windows

  • Open the installer, Leave all default settings in the installation options. Choose the 64bit or 32 bit as your system.

  • Download the Windows RStudio installer

  • Run the installer leave all the default settings in installation options.

  • Open RStudio to play with R programming.

Install R & RStudio in Linux

Open the Terminal and type following command for installing R

Install R in Ubuntu / Debian

sudo apt-get install r-base r-base-dev sudo apt-get update


sudo yum install R sudo yum update

  • Download the Rstudio Desktop Installer for your Linux distribution from

  • Run the installer leave all the default settings in installation option

  • Open Rstudio or use sudo -i R in terminal and play with R language

Install RStudio Server (Linux)

There is another Browser-based IDE called Rstudio server. It provides the service same as the desktop Rstudio and can be used from the remote Linux server. Rstudio server is only available for Debian and Ubuntu.

Install R Server

Open a terminal and use the following command

#64 bit sudo apt-get install gdebi-core wget sudo gdebi rstudio-server-1.1.456-amd64.deb


sudo apt-get install gdebi-core wget sudo gdebi rstudio-server-1.1.456-i386.deb

  • Open Browser and use localhost:8787 in URL tab

  • Sign in to RStudio server using Username and password

Install R Packages

After you have installed R and RStudio, you can now install R packages easily.

  • First, go to start menu and open RStudio.
  • Below, you will see the console, where you need to enter:

install.packages(c(“tidyverse”, “rmarkdown”, “readxl”))